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Fast Facts:

  • Bush pigs are also called "tufted pigs" due to their long, white whiskers and ear tufts.

  • In its search for roots and tubers it digs up large tracts of land and is viewed as causing serious damage to crops.

  • They are fast runners and good swimmers.

Red River Bush Pig

Scientific Name Potamochaerus porcus
Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Suidae
Status Stable
Range Africa south of the Sahara
Habitat Dense forest and underbrush
Diet Vegetable matter, insects, eggs, and dead animals
Size Height: 24-30 inches
Length: Up to 5 feet plus a 12 inch tail
Weight: 120-260 pounds
Lifespan 20 years
Print Fact Sheet Bush Pig

Special Features

  • On the back of the bush pig there is a long whitish crest of hairs which can be erected when the animal is excited or alarmed.
  • The tusks are short but sharp.
  • Males have warts over their eyes and females do not.
  • Old males have two warts on the snout.
  • They have foot glands, neck glands and preorbital glands they use to mark their territory.

Social Structure & Behavior

Live in groups of up to 40. It is nocturnal and spends the daylight hours hidden in the dense forest in burrows.

Sexual maturity at 18-21 months. Gestation 120-127 days. The sow will make a grass nest to give birth. Litter size is 3-6. Bush pigs are monogamous and both parents care for the young. Weaned at 2-4 months.

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